Roasting coffee beans in the oven & Types of coffee roasting. Best guide

Roasting coffee beans in the oven & Types of coffee roasting. Best guide

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Roast coffee beans at home in the oven: Roasting coffee is nothing more than adding heat to a certain amount of beans until they change the color, but the temperature and the techniques we use to do so can give us completely different drinks. Therefore, the success of roasting will guarantee a better cup of coffee.

There are multiple ways to roast coffee beans at home. To do so, you can use ovens, microwaves, popcorn makers, special roasters, among other appliances that will provide different results. and today you will learn step by step how to roast coffee at home using an oven


How to roast green coffee beans in the oven

I think we all have an oven in case, so let’s play and experiment.

The big advantage is that we don’t need anything, we have everything, the disadvantage is that the oven can give us an irregular toasting because we would have to move the grains so that they are toasted evenly.

First, we must preheat the oven to about 220 degrees.

If we can, we can put them in a strainer or a sieve in the oven, but otherwise, we use a tray to place the coffee beans. Or you can use an old tray and make 3mm holes at a distance of 1.5 cm from center to center.

We will place the beans well scattered, we put the tray in the oven.

We are going to roast them between 12 and 20 minutes after the first crunch, then mix the beans every 3 minutes.

To cool down, we will use a strainer, a sieve, or a big way that we will be moving to cool down the grains. We also blow to remove the shell.


Types of coffee roasting

Heat gun dog bowl coffee roasting

There is more than one way to roast coffee. Depending on how much we roast them, the beans will show a different color and flavor. The types of coffee roasting serve to prepare different versions of this beverage and, at the same time, serve to highlight the particular characteristics of each bean.

Light Roast or Cinnamon

As its name indicates, at this level of roasting the coffee bean presents a light cinnamon color. This roasting can be obtained after the beans have been roasted for a few minutes. In these cases, the bean is characterized by an acidic, fruity flavor, and high caffeine content.

American Roast

This bean has a caramel flavor and its color is brown.

Italian Roast

to reach this type of roast, it is necessary to leave the bean much longer than usual, so that it achieves a very dark color. This type of bean is used to make gourmet coffee, which has very low caffeine content.

French Roast

Coffee prepared with this bean has a smoky flavor and an intense aroma. It should also be left to roast for a long time to achieve a dark color.

There is no one type of roast better than the other. The less roasted beans will have more acidic and fruity flavors, while the darker beans will highlight their chocolate and smoky flavors. You can try different levels of roasting to choose the one you like best.

Roasting coffee beans “Conclusion”

A perfect roast is something that not just anyone can do. Only a good roaster can decide what kind of roast should be done and proceed to do it perfectly with the right tools.

However, no one is going to stop you from traying pleasure to experiment and try roasting your coffee. there are as many ways to roast coffee at home not just oven, and with enough practice, you can get a near-perfect home roast coffee beans!

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F.A.Q

Roast Coffee

How to roast the coffee beans?

A frying pan: a simple frying pan used at very high heat can be a good instrument for roasting. The beans should be spread out in a thin layer which you will mix constantly with a wooden spoon for about 15 or 20 minutes.

What is the coffee roasting process?

When roasted, the green coffee bean increases its size to almost double, changing in color and density. Since the bean absorbs heat, the color changes to yellow, then to a light brown, and finally to a dark, oily color. During roasting, oils appear on the surface of the bean.

How do you know when the coffee is well roasted?

When the beans begin to change slightly from green to yellow, it indicates that the process has already begun. From this point on, you should be removing the coffee from the trays to avoid the beans from the bottom to be burned and those from the top to be half roasted.

What is the optimal coffee roasting?

The roasting process can take from 7 to 30 minutes depending on the type of roaster. During the roasting process, the temperatures that the coffee beans reach are around 193 ºC for a light roast, around 200 ºC for a medium roast, and around 218 ºC for a dark roast

How long does the coffee bean last?

How long should you store the coffee beans to get the best flavor? To get the best flavor, you should use the beans as close to the roasting date as possible, ideally within 2 to 3 weeks for a pound of coffee.

How to grind green coffee beans?

Another way to prepare your green coffee brew is by grinding the bean and using a plunger coffee maker. In this case, the recommended proportions are 2 soup spoons of ground green coffee to produce 2 cups of infusion. Put water to boil, add the ground coffee, strain, and serve in a cup.

How to make toast?

The best method to toast the bread evenly is to use a convection oven or a toaster oven. You can place the slices of bread on a baking sheet or directly on the rack. Move the oven rack to the highest possible position in the oven to toast the bread.

What is the darkest coffee?

Dark Roast: The beans subjected to this type of roasting are the darkest of all and present a wide range of shades, from chocolate brown to practically black. They are very shiny grains due to their oily surface.

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