History of Coffee and The Most surprising and interesting facts: Today coffee is consumed in all parts of the world, and it’s become one of the most popular beverages in the world. But let’s go back in time. More than 320 years ago
In this article, we’ll take a look at:
- 1 Where did the coffee plant come from, and how was it used?
- 2 The first countries where coffee spread and how was its effect
- 3 Tea or coffee revolution. And the beginning of the appearance of coffee in America
- 4 According to the sources of history of coffee, how did the coffee reach America?
- 5 Some healthy facts that you did not know before about caffeine
Where did the coffee plant come from, and how was it used?
Coffee has a deep history which can be traced back to Ethiopia, the way we consume coffee has evolved dramatically, it is likely that people initially chewed the berries and leaves of the coffee plant.
Until they discovered that you could brew them to make tea, coffee consumption continued to evolve until someone started roasting coffee beans, and ground them to produce a form of coffee, we are familiar with today.
The first countries where coffee spread and how was its effect
By the 16th century, coffee spread to Egypt, Syria, Turkey, and Persia.
In the 17th century, coffee had made its way to Europe, where it became popular, and soon coffee houses were established.
These coffee houses became centers of social activity, and they were commonplace in major cities in Austria, England, Germany, Holland, and Italy.
By this point? coffee began to replace the common breakfast drink of the time, wine, and beer.
People who drank coffee, instead of alcohol. Began their day with energy and the quality of their work improved, coffee consumption in Europe started increasing during the age of the Enlightenment.
Some of the brightest people throughout history were fans of coffee, because of its stimulating effect on the body.
Tea or coffee revolution. And the beginning of the appearance of coffee in America
In the mid 17th century coffee was brought to New Amsterdam, later called New York by the British, originally tea was the favorite drink in America until 1773 when the colonists revolted against the tax on tea, imposed by King George the 3rd.
The revolt was known as the Boston Tea Party, and it ultimately changed American’s drinking preferences to coffee.
According to the sources of history of coffee, how did the coffee reach America?
In the latter half of the 17th century, the Dutch got coffee seedlings, and successfully planted it on the island of Java, Indonesia. Eventually, coffee spread to the islands of Sumatra and Celebes.
In 1714, the mayor of Amsterdam presented a coffee plant to King Louis xiv of France, which was soon planted in the Royal Botanical Garden in Paris.
A few years later the naval officer by the name of Gabrielle de clew, obtained a seedling from the King’s garden to take to Central America, after a challenging voyage the plant was successfully transported to Martinique.
Once planted that seedling grew, and became the ancestor to 18 million coffee trees on the island, that seedling eventually became the parent of all coffee trees in the Caribbean, as well as South and Central America.
Frankly, coffee history is very rich. And full of information
Some healthy facts that you did not know before about caffeine
Part of the reason why coffee is so popular is that it makes us feel energized, the recent coffee makes us feel so alert, is because it contains caffeine which is a stimulant.
Caffeine makes us more alert by altering normal biological mechanisms responsible for making us fall asleep, cells in our body break down a molecule called adenosine triphosphate for energy.
One of the breakdown products for this process is adenosine, as the brain uses up energy throughout the day, adenosine levels increase inside our brain.
When adenosine levels build up, they bind to adenosine receptors in the brain, which are responsible for sleep, this results in a cascade of biochemical reactions that cause us to fall asleep.
During sleep, the brain replenishes energy reserves and begins to eliminate adenosine, eventually, adenosine levels decrease, and you wake up feeling refreshed.
The caffeine molecule is structurally very similar to adenosine, but they aren’t the same.
So caffeine contact evades adenosine receptors when caffeine competes for the bind to an adenosine receptor, it prevents normal brain signaling from happening, which enables us to sleep.
This results in extended periods of wakefulness, caffeine’s effect on our brain doesn’t last forever, it has a half-life of about 6 hours.
eventually, caffeine in your body is metabolized, and can no longer block adenosine from binding to its receptors.
Said you eventually get tired and fall asleep, chronic coffee drinking results in some people becoming desensitized to caffeine, this happens because your body synthesizes more adenosine receptors, as a consequence, your normal dosage of caffeine is no longer enough to keep you alert because new receptors are now adenosine to bind to them, and initiate sleep.
Fortunately, if you cut down how much you drink coffee, the number of adenosine receptors in your body will readjust, and you’ll be able to enjoy the stimulating effects of coffee with your normal dosage.